Noun: binge drinking (as in consumption of excessive amounts of alcohol)
Juopottelu is a noun that comes from the verb juopotella (to drink to excess) which results from combining the words juoppo (“drunkard”) + -tella (a suffix used to forms verbs for calling someone by a name or a label.)
See it in action in the headline ”Nyt tästäkin on tutkimus: Kylmyys ja pimeys lisäävät juopottelua” which can be translated as ”Now there’s an even a study: Coldness and darkness increase binge drinking.”
Haravointi comes from haravoida, a verb meaning ”to rake” or ”to comb (for something.)”
See it in action in the phrase ”Haravoinnista ei ollut puhetta” which means ”There was no talk about raking.”
Adjective: Free of charge.
Maksuton comes from maksu, which means ”payment” or ”fee” plus the suffix –ton, which means ”-less” or the lack of something.
Noun: leap or stride
Harppaus comes from harpata (“to leap”) + -us (“ing”)
The phrase ”Tämä on pieni askel ihmiselle, mutta suuri harppaus terveydelle” is a play on Neil Armstrong’s famous phrase when he landed on the moon. It translates approximately as ”That’s one small step for a (person) man, but one giant leap for health.”
Noun: smoke detector.
Palovaroitin is a compound of palo (“fire”) + varoitin (“alarm”).
You may also see palohälytin
Noun: gig, temporary job
Keikka is a colloquial term meaning ”gig,” as in for a musician. Or it can refer to any temporary job.
The headline, ”Bon Jovi – Yhtye, Ensi Kertaa Keikka Virossa” translates approximately as ”Bon Jovi Band, first-time gig in Estonia.”
Noun: cruise ship
Risteilijä comes from risteillä (a verb meaning to cruise or crisscross) + -jä (a suffix used to turn verbs into nouns).
Finns may also use the word ristelijä to refer to a plate or cup passed around the table at a meal for a collection of peels or fishbones.