Adverb: from outside; by heart.
Ulkoa means ”from outside.” As an idiom, in the phrase ”oppia ulkoa,” it means ”to memorize” or ”to know by heart.”
The prefix ulko– signifies ”outer.” The cases of ulko– in Finnish serve only as adverbs.
Here are several related words:
- ulkona – outside, outdoors
- ulos – (relating to movement) out, outside
- ulkoinen – external
- ulkolainen – foreign, foreigner
- ulkomainen – foreign (from a different country)