Noun: skin, peel (of a fruit), shell, bark, envelope, case (and several more meanings, so see the sanakirja.org or wiktionary entries for more.)
Noun: bump, speed bump.
Töyssy appears in our example in the partitive plural, töyssyjä.
You may also see hidastetöyssy which specifically means ”speed bump.”
A related word is töyssyinen which means ”choppy.”
ja niin edelleen (jne.)
Noun: et cetera, and so forth, etc.
Ja niin edelleen (abbreviated in Finnish as jne. is a phrase made from ja (“and”) + niin (“so”) + edelleen (“further”).
Noun: genius, brainiac, mastermind.
A couple of related words:
- nerokas (adjective) – witty or shrewd
- neronleimaus (noun) – a stroke of genius, or a brainstorm.
Also, see Random Finnish Lesson’s article on other words often used to talk about intelligence in Finnish.
Noun: stained glass
Lasimaalaus is a compound term that comes from lasi (”glass”) + maalaus (”painting”).
Maalaus comes from the verb maalata (“to paint”) + the deverbal suffix -us.
Phrase: light traffic, pedestrian traffic, pedestrian and bicycle traffic, etc.
The words kevyttä (”light”) and liikene (”traffic”) appear in our example sign in the partitive singular, kevyttä liikenettä because the verb varoa (”be careful of” or ”watch out for”) takes the partitive.
Kevyt means ”light,” and liikene means ”traffic.”
Kevyt liikene refers generally to walking, roller skating, scootering, and bicycling and sometimes even to the riding of mopeds.
Compound term: pocket money.
In our example, the taskuraha appears in the adessive case singular, taskurahalla. Here we have the use of the adessive which expresses the instrumentive use of something. In our phrase, taskurahalla means ”with pocket money” or ”by using pocket money.”
Taskuraha is a compound term constructed from tasku (”pocket”) and raha (”money”).
Let’s translate the advertising phrase, ”Herkkuja taskurahalla,” or ”Goodies for pocket money”.
Herkkuja is partitive plural of herkku, which means ”delicacy.” Here it means something along the lines of ”goodies” or ”treats”.
Seuraavaksi is an adverb meaning ”next” created from the adjective seuraava, which also means ”next.”
Both words come from the verb seurata which means ”to follow” or ”to accompany” (as in going or coming after something in physical space.)
Noun: children’s slide.
Liukumäki is a compound word made from liuku (“slide” or ”skid”) + mäki (“hill”).
A related verb is liukua, which means ”to slide.”
Noun: location, situation, position.
In our example photo, ”Sijainti, sijainti ja sijainti” is the real estate maxim ”Location, location and location.” (The phrase is the answer to the question, what are the 3 most important things affecting real estate value? It’s repeated 3 times for emphasis. )